Politics in polyarchies today seems to pivot around two major trends: on one hand, the establishment Political Parties, and on the other, the anti-system.
Nationalism and Populism are two issues that have gained general interest in this stage of history, characterized by globalisation.
In 2004, the political scientist Cas Mudde defined populism as the spirit of the time in Europe.
Europeanization aims at the integration of their nation-states in favour of continental political union.
In Europe we have been witnessing a rebirth of nationalisms that threaten the political stability of democracies and the integration process itself.
The Far Right and nationalism, although they are different realities, have common attitudes.
Nation is an ambivalent term whose meanings have basically gone from a cultural community to a political object that enjoys sovereignty.