Throughout history, protectionism has often gone hand-in-hand with nationalism.
If there is one recurring question among those outsiders who closely observe Spanish politics, this is it.
After several months of negotiations, a new government was formed in Austria as a result of the pact between the conservative ÖVP party and the right-wing Islamophobic party FPÖ.
The recent rise of the Far Right alters the political balance in Germany.
In Hungary, there are two nationalist and protectionist right-wing parties: the Jobbik, clearly neofascist, and the Fidesz, led by Víctor Orbán currently in power.
Born at the end of the 20s, the Scottish independence movement has had increasing success, until now becoming the leading political force in Scotland.
Perhaps the most significant asset or indeed the only asset of the Catalonian "Procés" that has not known how to or has not been able to accumulate sufficient strength to impose itself, is its power of mobilisation.
The European Union may today be the most hated political onject by the nationalists and the most furious supporters and radical opponents of real globalisation.
In the mid-nineteen thirties, there were more dictatorships in Europe than democracies.
Interview of Steven Forti, Ph.D in Comparative, Political and Social History from the UAB and the University of Bologna.
The defeat of classical fascism (1919-1945) in the Second World War led to the stigmatization of the ideals of the Radical Right in the first third of the 20th century.
Since 2016, several political events have been worrying and have shaken the old continent over and over again.
Cosmopolitan nomads, a genuine product of globalisation and postmodernity, fed up with global uprooting, now appears to be disenchanted and suffering a crisis.
The rise of the Far Right and nationalism in Europe is not a passing fad, rather it is here to stay for at least a long time.
No-one denies that the DNA of Catalonian nationalism is a purely conservative affaire.
The Far Right and nationalism, although they are different realities, have common attitudes.
That our continent is going backwards is nothing new.
In Europe we have been witnessing a rebirth of nationalisms that threaten the political stability of democracies and the integration process itself.
Europeanization aims at the integration of their nation-states in favour of continental political union.
In 2004, the political scientist Cas Mudde defined populism as the spirit of the time in Europe.