Christine Lagarde is Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund, a position to which she was appointed in July 2011. She is a French citizen, and previously was French Minister of Economy since June 2007, in addition to having held the position of French Minister of Foreign Trade for two years.
The global economy would be threatened by the emergence of neo-protectionist measures in the First World countries.
After an agreement signed in 2001 with Hugo Chávez, Cuba began exporting professional services (mainly health personnel) to Venezuela, which bought 75% of these services.
Spain and Portugal are two of the countries that hardest hit by the economic crisis in Europe.
To understand the prospects for financial markets in 2019, we need to remember the uncertainty and volatility of 2018.
The sluggishness in Europe is more evident, given our high degree of external openness.