If there is one recurring question among those outsiders who closely observe Spanish politics, this is it.
After several months of negotiations, a new government was formed in Austria as a result of the pact between the conservative ÖVP party and the right-wing Islamophobic party FPÖ.
There is much talk of the rise of the Far Right, of the advances of the populist parties at successive elections in each country. What is the assessment today?
The recent rise of the Far Right alters the political balance in Germany.
In Hungary, there are two nationalist and protectionist right-wing parties: the Jobbik, clearly neofascist, and the Fidesz, led by Víctor Orbán currently in power.
Born at the end of the 20s, the Scottish independence movement has had increasing success, until now becoming the leading political force in Scotland.
The European Union may today be the most hated political onject by the nationalists and the most furious supporters and radical opponents of real globalisation.
In the mid-nineteen thirties, there were more dictatorships in Europe than democracies.
How do we explain the resurgence of populism in one country after another? Maybe in terms of common structural conditions or passive diffusion of ideas across contexts?
Interview of Steven Forti, Ph.D in Comparative, Political and Social History from the UAB and the University of Bologna.
I arrived at the European Parliament in 2009. In exact coincidence with two events that have acquired historical resonance.
The defeat of classical fascism (1919-1945) in the Second World War led to the stigmatization of the ideals of the Radical Right in the first third of the 20th century.
Since 2016, several political events have been worrying and have shaken the old continent over and over again.
The Far Right and nationalism, although they are different realities, have common attitudes.
That our continent is going backwards is nothing new.
In Europe we have been witnessing a rebirth of nationalisms that threaten the political stability of democracies and the integration process itself.
In 2004, the political scientist Cas Mudde defined populism as the spirit of the time in Europe.
Politics in polyarchies today seems to pivot around two major trends: on one hand, the establishment Political Parties, and on the other, the anti-system.
Nationalism as a mass political phenomenon is something quite recent.
Populism, nationalism and the ultra-right have resurfaced again in much of the so-called civilized world.